The Paul McIlvaine Collection - WWII Short Snorters - Morocco
The Short Snorter Project
Series Nov. 14, 1941 - Serial # 411 G.683
Well worn 5 Franc note issued by the Banque D’Etat du Maroc. The reverse contains the name “ALPHONSO CAPERS”.
Most of Morocco was a French protectorate during World War II.  With France occupied by the Nazis, colonial French
Morocco was under the control of the Vichy regime and technically part of the Axis Powers. When the Allies invaded
Morocco in 1942, Moroccan defenders yielded quickly to the American and British invaders. Shortly after Morocco
surrendered, President Franklin Roosevelt sent a message to Morocco’s King, H.E. Mohammed V, commending him on
the “admirable spirit of cooperation that is animating you and your people in their relationships with the forces of my
country. Our victory over the Germans will, I know, inaugurate a period of peace and prosperity, during which the
Moroccan and French people of North Africa will flourish and thrive in a manner that befits its glorious past.” In January
1943, a pivotal meeting of Allied leaders took place near Casablanca to discuss the War.  President Roosevelt, British
Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Free French commander General Charles De Gaulle met for four days.  The
leaders concluded that the only acceptable outcome of the War was the “unconditional surrender” of the Axis forces.
Roosevelt also conferred privately with King Mohammed V to assure him that the United States would support
Morocco’s quest for independence.